Bird facts

Before we get on with this I would like to tell you something: Feel free to leave comments about what animal I should do next, I will pick my favorite one and use it, just say the animal, also if you want to add a picture. And I am really stumped about what I should do next.

Now lets begin with birds….

This stuff is not mine I just did the pictures.

Interesting Facts about Birds

The chicken is the closest living relative to the Tyrannosaurus Rex.

Many birds kept as pets, including doves, parakeets, and lovebirds, enjoy living in pairs for companionship.

The smallest bird egg belongs to the hummingbird and is the size of a pea.  The largest bird egg, from which the ostrich hatches, is the size of a cantaloupe.

A bird’s eye takes up about 50 percent of its head; our eyes take up about 5 percent of our head. To be comparable to a bird’s eyes, our eyes would have to be the size of baseballs.

The penguin is the only bird that can swim, but not fly. It is also the only bird that walks upright.

Owls turn their heads almost 360○ (a complete circle) but they cannot move their eyes.

Chickens have over 200 distinct noises they make for communicating.

When it comes to birds, the males tend to have the more glamorous feather shape, coloration, songs, and dances.  Female birds choose their mate based on how attractive they find them!

It is estimated that one third of all bird owners turn on a radio for their pet when they leave the house.

According to National Geographic, scientists have an answer for the age old dispute over which came first, the chicken or the egg.  Reptiles were laying eggs thousands of years before chickens appeared.  The first chicken came from an egg laid by a bird that was not quite a chicken.  Therefore, the egg came first.

The first bird domesticated by humans was the goose.

Kiwi birds are blind, so they hunt by smell.

Some breeds of chickens can lay colored eggs. The Ameraucana and Araucanian can lay green or blue eggs.

The common phrase “eat like a bird” should mean something quite different!  Many birds eat twice their weight in food each day.  In fact, a bird requires more food in proportion to its size than a baby or a cat.

A group of larks is called an exaltation, a group of chickens is called a peep, a group of geese is called a gaggle, a group of ravens is called a murder, and a group of owls is called a parliament.

Chickens that lay brown eggs have red ear lobes. There is a genetic link between the two.

Crows have the largest cerebral hemispheres (brains), relative to body size, of any avian family.

Mockingbirds can imitate many sounds, from a squeaking door to a cat meowing.

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Bunny Buddies

Rabbit

In the wild, rabbits have plenty to keep them occupied, from foraging to reproduction to territorial defense. Captive rabbits, on the other hand, often lack stimulation, which can lead to behavioral problems and poor health.

  • Rabbits have an excellent sense of smell, hearing and vision. They have nearly 360° panoramic vision, allowing them to detect predators from all directions. They can see everything behind them and only have a small blind-spot in front of their nose.
  • Rabbits have extremely strong hind limbs which allow them to leap great distances. They can jump up to one meter high and three meters long.
  • Rabbits are territorial animals which live in loosely organized social groups. They live in warrens comprising of an intricate series of underground tunnels with different entrances and exits.
  • When rabbits ‘binky’, this is an expression of joy. They will run, jump into the air, twist their body and flick their feet.
  • Rabbits are affectionate social animals that enjoy the company of other rabbits. They will perform logrolling where two individuals will simultaneously groom each other.
  • Although typically very quiet, rabbits do communicate vocally, with varying types of vocalizations communicating different messages, e.g. low humming when running around an individual is a signal of affection.
  • Rabbits stand upright on their hind legs to give themselves a better vantage point to look for predators. They alert other rabbits to the presence of danger by thumping their hind legs.
  • For the last 60 years rabbits have been increasingly commonly kept as pets in the UK and other countries. In the last ten years there has been an especially big increase in the UK making them the nation’s third most popular furry pet. In 2010 about 1 million rabbits were kept as pets. However, before taking on the commitment of caring for a rabbit as a pet consideration should be given to whether its physical and emotional needs can be met. Properly caring for an animal as a pet can have significant time and cost implications. For example caring for a rabbit is likely to cost more than £3,000 over the course of its lifetime.
  • People often think rabbits are very easy to look after and that all they need to do is pop them in a hutch in the garden and feed and clean them when needed. However, this is actually very far from the truth. Nowadays, we have a far greater understanding of rabbits and there are a few things we need to recognize in order to keep them happy. Rabbits expressing aggressive behavior toward people and other pets often indicates they are in distress and suffering emotionally. There are many ways to improve the lives of rabbits kept as pets:
  • Rabbits should be kept in pairs. Companionship is key to the welfare of rabbits – without the company of another neutered rabbit they get lonely and bored. In the wild, rabbits are social creatures, a fact that doesn’t change just because they are kept as pets.
  • Rabbits need an appropriate diet. Fiber, in the form of hay and grass, is the most vital food for rabbits – it’s essential for their digestive health, and they can die without it. Whilst a small daily amount of green veg is good, a diet based solely on vegetables, fruit and carrots does not provide all the nutrients that rabbits need, leaving them malnourished.
  • Rabbits kept as pets should be offered shelter and hiding places – rabbits confined to open spaces with no protection will feel threatened. Predators such as dogs may also scare prey species such as rabbits.
  • In the wild, rabbits have plenty to keep them occupied, from foraging to reproduction to territorial defence. Captive rabbits, on the other hand, often lack stimulation, which can lead to behavioral problems and poor health. Much like humans, they need to be kept physically and mentally active. A rabbit’s natural environment can be imitated by providing enrichment such as tunnels and platforms for climbing, tree stumps, twigs, suitable toys, and places to hide such as cardboard boxes.
  • Digging is an innate and favorite pastime of rabbits, both wild and domesticated. By providing digging substitutes, such as a sand or earth pit, rabbits kept as pets will be able to dig away without damaging your garden or escaping.
  • Just like humans, rabbits become bored if their environments remain the same, so can benefit from variety and occasional change of scenery. However, too much change can have adverse effects. A wild rabbit’s survival depends on an intimate knowledge of its surroundings in order to escape from predators, so structural changes to the “warren” of a rabbit kept as a pet should be kept subtle, such as changing their toys and regularly providing new ones.
  • It’s incredibly beneficial for rabbits kept as pets to start interacting with people, other rabbits and also other pets such as cats and dogs from an early age. Familiarity with other species will help rabbits develop into friendly and confident adults. Exposing them to normal everyday sights and sounds is also important, so they’re relaxed and happy in their environments.

So there you go. This is not mine, I got part of this from OneKind, an awesome blog. Here is some cute bunny photos:

There you go. These are some foot stomping facts. 🙂 🙂

Crickets

You might love crickets. You might hate them, but you just wanna know about them.

How to tell female and male crickets apart:

The easiest way to tell if a cricket is female is by observing an ovipositer. This is a swordlike tube up to three-quarters of an inch long that protrudes from the end of her abdomen, much like a stinger would. The tube is used exclusively for laying eggs deep in the soil. Both males and females have additional short prongs on each side of the abdomen.

2.Male crickets have shorter, sturdier wings with rough underside surfaces known as file. The top of the wing has a formation known as a scraper. To make his chirping song, the male rubs the scraper of one wing against the file on the underside of the other. The female hears with sound receptors situated on her front legs and responds if she likes the rhythm.

3. Male crickets chirp. Female crickets don’t chirp. Here is a link to a male cricket chirping.

Cricket Chirping – YouTube

That is a few ways to tell crickets apart, here is what they like to eat:

Water

The only other thing that your crickets need are fresh water. Tap water is fine for your crickets. If you plan to breed your crickets make sure that you do not have any standing water in their cage. If you have standing water the baby crickets (called pinheads) will drown in it. A simple way to avoid this is to water your crickets with a small sponge (1” x 1”) in a small dish. The sponge should be damp but not dripping water. This will meet your cricket’s needs and protect the babies. If you live in a dry climate make sure to check their water daily as it may evaporate quickly. Also, make sure to change their water every 2-3 days or it may start to stink.

water-sponge

Insecticides

Crickets are very sensitive to insecticides. Almost every garage in America has at least 2-3 different ant, wasp, and tick insecticides. These products are designed to kill insects and they will kill your crickets if they are not handled properly. Crickets are so sensitive to them that they will die if they are exposed to the insecticide fumes. So, keep your insecticides very far away from your crickets.

Crickets as Pet Food

If you are raising crickets to feed to your pets (snakes, lizards, etc.) then you will need to keep one dietary need in mind. Most reptiles require a high protein diet. In order to meet your reptile’s needs you will need to increase your cricket’s protein intake. This is called “gut loading.” When you gut load crickets you increase the amount of protein that you feed them. But, you need to plan the timing of the gut load to maximize the cricket’s protein content. You can do this by feeding your crickets extra protein 2-3 days before you plan to feed them to your pets. This may be accomplished by adding extra cat food, chicken, beef or commercial cricket food to their meals.

Crickets eat a lot of the same foods that humans eat. Feed them a balanced diet of raw vegetables, fruits and meats (protein) to keep them healthy. This may come from table scraps or cricket food. Also, they require clean water and a clean cage. If you sever their food and water in small dishes it is easy to change and clean-up. These simple steps will keep their cage from smelling and your crickets happy.

Crickets are very sensitive to insecticides. If you have insecticides in your house they must be kept away from your crickets. Crickets are so sensitive to insecticides that they may be killed by the insecticide fumes.

If you are going to use your crickets to feed to your pets you will need to add extra meat (protein) to their diet 2-3 days before the pet feeding. This is known as gut loading and it will increase protein content in your crickets.

Here is a diagram of the cricket.

There you go: This is all about crickets.

SSSSSSSSSSnakes

This is a printable guide for snakes. Going hiking? In the woods? Or you just wanna know about them? This is perfect for you. Let’s begin with some basic facts.

Snakes (suborder Serpentes) are elongated, limbless, flexible reptiles. There are about 2,900 spe375 are venomous.

Garter Snake, © Jeffrey Meyer

Diet

Snakes consume a variety of items including termites, rodents, birds, frogs, small deer and other reptiles. Snakes eat their prey whole and are able to consume prey three times larger than the diameter of their head because their lower jaw can separate from the upper jaw. To keep prey from escaping, snakes have rear-facing teeth that hold their prey in their mouths.

Venomous snakes inject their prey with venom, while constrictors squeeze their prey. They do not need to hunt everyday. Anacondas and pythons can survive for up to a year without food after feeding. Snakes hunt mostly at night.

Those were two very basic facts about snakes, now let’s see how to tell poisonous also known as venomous snakes apart.

  1.  Most poisonous snakes have triangular shaped heads. Non poisonous snakes do not have triangular heads.
  2.  Look at the colors. Some poisonous snakes have bright colors.
    Like this one.
    3.  Look at their eyes, some poisonous snakes have vertical eye slits, non poisonous snakes mostly have round pupils.
    4.  Look at the underside scales on the bottom of the tip of his/her’s tail. Most poisonous snakes have one row of scales. Non poisonous normally have two rows of scales.
    5.  Watch snakes swim. Some poisonous snakes swim with their body out the water, while non poisonous snakes mostly swim with their body in the water.
    6. If your bit by a snake, if you don’t know if it is venomous. Look at it before you get to any conclusions. If it has fang holes, two holes close together., you better call someone, that means it is probably poisonous. If it just has a bite mark and no fangs. It probably is not poisonous.
     Now that you know all about these snakes, do not go running after them. You don’t want you, or anybody around you at the time, to get hurt. We hope you remember all of this stuff about snakes, to help you be sssafe.
    Test your family and friends about this, see if they know what you know.